Norway

Brief description of the context of the VET system in Norway

Vocational education and training (VET) in Norway covers upper secondary education. The general model is 2 years in school and 2 years in a training enterprise required to pass the general  trade/journeyman’s exam (NQF Level 4A/ISCED3). Provision of VET is a shared responsibility between the national administration and the regional county authorities, regulated by the Educational Act. The county authorities are the VET providers. They plan and organise all aspects of delivery of VET in schools and training enterprises.

In the development of curricula and in the conceptualisation of the framework for VET programmes to meet labour market needs, social partners play an institutionalised and significant role. The basic principles for quality assurance are covered by the national legal framework; systems for  monitoring and assessment, and systems for follow up at county level. The main focus of the national approach to quality development (assessment/evaluation) in VET is on evaluation of quality (Step 3 of the EU Quality Assurance quality cycle). The approach covers indicator development, feeding of indicators through data collection and assessment, such as data about completion of VET, the learning environment, the quality of training, and employment situation for newly graduates skilled workers.

The goal is to establish common indicators at national and regional levels. The approach does not promote and ensure “national” requirements for quality assurance or “national standards” – and is not intended to do so. In Norway, the EQAVET approach has generally been seen as a source of inspiration. Recommendations are considered to be useful tools and are not directly implemented.

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Information on EQAVET indicators

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