Denmark

Brief description of the context of the VET system in  Denmark

The Copenhagen process in 2002 and the CQAF has inspired the Danish approach t quality in VET. In particular, these initiatives have promoted the use of indicators in IVET as well as the use of central inspection of providers and of the quality of education and trainers. However, several of the elements of the current Danish approach to quality assurance were implemented prior to the Copenhagen process. 

At provider level, funding of innovation and development projects have been used to promote quality development and self-evaluation.  In Denmark, the provision of VET is a shared responsibility between the national administration, social partners, VET providers and enterprises. VET programmes are based on the principle of dual training, where learners enter into a contract with a company, after a basic training programme, and alternate between school-based learning and work-based training.   

The Ministry of Children, Education and Gender Equality is the body responsible for legal, policy and programme definition aspects of VET in Denmark.

The provision of VET in Denmark is characterised by a high level of decentralisation – where providers have a great level of autonomy in adapting VET to local needs. The financing of VET is based on taximeter grants per student. The aim of this approach is to improve responsiveness and effectiveness.  

The Danish system for quality assurance in VET is comprehensive and covers planning, implementation, evaluation and assessment and review.  

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Information on EQAVET indicators

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