Croatia

Brief description of the context of the VET system in Croatia

Vocational education and training in Croatia consists of two routes, initial vocational education and adult learning/continuing training for adults. Overall responsibility for VET lies with the Ministry of Science, Education and Sports (MoSES), supported by the Agency for VET and Adult Education (AVETAE).  

Following the completion of eight years of compulsory education students may continue their education in IVET programmes which may last from one to five years. IVET in Croatia, involving approximately 71% of the total number of secondary school students, has two main roles. Alongside preparation for labour market entry, it enables transition to tertiary education, primarily through four-year VET programmes. All VET programmes combine professional and general competences to varying degrees and most include mandatory work-based learning (WBL). Almost 80% of four-year VET graduates take State "Matura" Exams (Leaving Certificate) and around 60% of them continue to higher education. Croatia has the lowest rate of early school leaving in the EU (2.7 % in 2014, compared to the EU average of 11.1%) and has already met its Europe 2020 national target of 4%.  

The quality assurance system in initial VET is defined by the legal framework (i.e. Primary and Secondary School Education Act, Vocational Education and Training Act, Pedagogical and Professional Supervision Act, Educational Inspection Act, etc.) and an institutional framework comprising MoSES, AVETAE, Education and Teacher Training Agency (ETTA), National Centre for External Evaluation of Education (NCEEE), as well as the Educational Inspection (EI). Self-assessment at VET schools is part of the quality assurance system, which has been developed in line with the EQARF.

Adult education and training in Croatia (for those over 16) covers a broad range of options, mainly in the form of short (re)training programmes, which range from basic or technical skills courses to complete formal secondary education and training. Entry requirements for postsecondary adult VET programmes include relevant IVET training and/or a number of years of professional experience. The quality assurance system in continuous VET is defined by the Adult Education Act, VET Act and Croatian Qualifications Framework Act.  

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Information on EQAVET indicators

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